The official name of Thailand is the Kingdom of Thailand. Currently, Thailand is governed
under a system of parliamentary democracy with a constitutional monarchy, with the King as
Head of State. The sovereign power can be divided into three branches
The legislative branch consists of the National Legislative Assembly, House of
Representatives, Senate, and Parliament.
The executive branch consists of the prime minister, who is appointed by the King in
accordance with the resolution of the National Legislative Assembly. Upon
recommendation of the prime minister, the King appoints ministers. The prime
minister is the head of government in Thailand and the leader of the ministers in
the executive branch of the government.
The judiciary is the system of courts, consisting of the Court of Justice, the
Constitutional Court, and the Administrative Court. The President of the Supreme
Court of Justice, the President of the Constitutional Court, and the President of
the Supreme Administrative Court are the heads of the judicial branch.
The local government is divided into local government executives and local government
organization councils. Local government members in the executive branch and the
legislative branch are elected directly by people. The administrative services of the
executive branch of the government are divided into
three levels: (1) the central government consists of ministries, bureaus, and
departments; (2) the provincial government consists of 76 provinces; and (3) the local
government consists of provincial administrative organizations, municipalities,
sub-district administrative organizations, Bangkok, and Pattaya.
Copyright 2022, The Government Public Relations Department